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Latin America, which you didn’t know: the brilliant Argentine physicians and scientists

What do You know about Latin America? Usually people know something about Latin America only series. And the fact that Argentina is home to many great doctors and scientists that changed the course of scientific history, many times! It is not simply temperamental people who can do to solve love issues like in the series… And your Latin temperament they make a powerful engine, which make incredible breakthroughs in science and medicine! About what great people of this country we will tell You!

Bernardo Alberto Usai

Born in Buenos Aires, Bernardo was a gifted boy, so at the age of 14 he was accepted into the pharmaceutical school of the University of Buenos Aires, and three years later — medical faculty of the same University, but to 20 (the third year) has become a research and teaching assistant in the Department of physiology!

That is Bernardo Alberto Usai became the first Argentine and Latin American in General Nobel prize for studies of the role of the pituitary in animals the processing of glucose! He shared his prize in physiology and medicine with spouses Measles. Subsequently, his name was even named a crater on the moon!

Латинская Америка, которой вы не знали: гениальные аргентинские врачи и ученые

Photo from Ruspekh.ru

 

Rene Favaloro

This well-known physician he received his medical degree at the age of 26 years, and before that she got a good practice, when operations over the then-known cardiac surgeons. To help the world of science and bring their country to the maximum benefit, Rene went to Cleveland, USA, where he worked with a team of excellent surgeons, gaining experience and knowledge. On the basis of the Cleveland clinic where he was working, he was the first to perform complex heart surgery — coronary artery bypass!

 

Rene before departure to the US was engaged in improving the world: living in a small town in La Pampa, he and his buddy have arranged an excellent medical corps, equipping it with modern equipment and preparing people to work there. He greatly improved the level of health of the people of that province. In addition, Renee founded the charitable Foundation, Favaloro, which, unfortunately, due to the global economic turmoil by the year 2000 owed about $ 75 million, and there was no help from investors or from the state… unable to cope with this defeat, a brilliant surgeon stopped his life of 77 year shot in the heart…

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Латинская Америка, которой вы не знали: гениальные аргентинские врачи и ученые

Photo from SA Expeditions Travel Blog

Louis Agate

Know why before a blood transfusion was the only direct? Right, outside the body, the blood clots quickly and transfusion becomes ineligible! The first blood transfusion (although the animals) did in 1666 in England, and in 1667 the man. But until the beginning of XX century of operation blood transfusion was rare: the donor has to be found, and the blood collected in advance was not good! However, Louis Agate investigated the mechanisms of blood coagulation and was able to thwart them, after 1914, one of the first operation under direct blood transfusion using sodium citrate to preserve donors blood!

Латинская Америка, которой вы не знали: гениальные аргентинские врачи и ученые

Photo from Wikipedia

Domingo Liotta

The son of Italian immigrants was born in Argentina in 1924. What it is remarkable for the world of science? He is one of the pioneers of heart surgery, by the same inventor! His mind owns 12 patents in the United States, Argentina and France, and its main invention — of various degrees of complexity a supporting prosthesis of the heart. He also created the first completely artificial heart transplanted successfully operating within man! By the way, like many other geniuses, Domingo not only dealt with the issues of surgery and prosthetics of the heart, but also made a great contribution to the world of medicine in General, and as Minister of health successfully dealt with these issues at the junction with the policy!

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Латинская Америка, которой вы не знали: гениальные аргентинские врачи и ученые

Photo from Conclusión – Diario Digital

Cesar Milstein

A descendant of immigrants from Ukraine, Cesar Milstein, have achieved wide recognition in the world of medicine: from 1980 to 1989, for his many years of basic research (and discoveries) in the field of immunology, he received as many as 10 different medical awards, including one Nobel prize. His research inspired many scientists to an even more startling discovery!

Латинская Америка, которой вы не знали: гениальные аргентинские врачи и ученые

Photo from Peoples.ru

Cool Argentines

In addition to these geniuses, Argentina has given the world people like:

  • Juan Vucetich — inventor of dactyloscopy (identification by fingerprints)
  • Enrique Finochietto — Creator of many surgical instruments, some of which bear his name
  • Laszlo Biro — inventor and the first major manufacturer of a ballpoint pen as we know it today
  • Raul Pescara Pateras the first in the world flew by helicopter
  • Juan Maldacena is one of the main minds working on the development of the acclaimed science of string theory
  • Ernesto Che Guevara — the greatest revolutionary known to the masses — in fact, a doctor from Argentina!

Латинская Америка, которой вы не знали: гениальные аргентинские врачи и ученые

PS

Not only one love busy minds temperamental Argentines. This country is the homeland of eminent scholars, which makes everything to ensure that the best minds could move science forward! By the way, despite extensive experience in the production of enriched uranium, Argentina was one of the first States the inadmissibility of its use in military purposes. This is one of the most progressive States of Latin America!

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