Many believe that space is expensive and impractical. But actually this is not always the case. So today I would like 20 examples show how does the cost of space missions with something closer to our “earthly” life.
Note: prices are inclusive of cost of maintenance of the apparatus and given to prices by 2017 (adjusted for inflation). Under the given brief comparison of achievements of scientific missions.
<th>39.5 million $</th>
The purchase price of the Ferrari 250 GTO at auction in 2014
The cost of the mission “Chandrayaan-1” is the first Indian mission to study the moon
The satellite worked for less than one year from the planned two, but still made a sensation — with the help of it managed to find water at lunar poles (the water was even on the mission “Apollo”, but felt that she was entered in the samples already on the Ground). The satellite was 10 different instruments (including the camera) and the impact probe.
The cost of construction of 27-storey residential house “Antilia” in Mumbai
The cost of the mission “Mars Orbiter mission” — first spacecraft sent by India to Mars
The satellite has already worked for 3 years instead of 6 months and continues to explore the morphology, topology and Mineralogy (using color camera), and explore the contents of methane and carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere, the leakage of volatiles from the atmosphere of Mars and its seasonal changes.
Penthouse in Cityspire Center in Manhattan with an area of about 750 m2
The cost of the mission “Hayabusa” deliver soil samples from the asteroid Itokawa
In addition to studying the topography, composition and density of the asteroid is in place, this spacecraft delivered about 1500 of microparticles of his soil, by which it was established that this asteroid was once part of a larger asteroid, and the composition of its substance — similar to the asteroids in the S class.
<th>173 million $</th>
The cost of the complex “Naberezhnaya Tower” (of the 3 buildings of 17, 27 and 60 floors) in Moscow
The cost of the mission “Phobos-Grunt” — the second Russian spacecraft designed to study the Mars system
The purpose of the mission was the delivery of soil from the Martian satellite (Phobos). This should allow to clarify the origin of the satellites of Mars and the processes of formation of small bodies during the formation of the Solar system.
The cost of filming the movie “pirates of the Caribbean: On stranger tides”
The cost of the Dawn mission to study the two celestial bodies — asteroids Vesta and Ceres
Spectrometers and gamma – neutron detector of the apparatus has allowed to establish the composition of the two asteroids, which have survived almost intact since the formation of the Solar system. Over 10 years of work, he also received 88 thousand photos (of which even made 360° video). In addition, the device has tested ion engines that allow it to have a Delta-V of over 10 km/s.
<th>About 869 $million</th>
<th>About 980 million us $</th>
Cost of 20 electric trains “Sapsan” ordered in 2011
The cost of the mission OSIRIS-REx for the delivery of soil samples from the asteroid Bennu
As the Dawn mission, this device should significantly advance us in the study of the processes underlying the formation of the solar system.
<th>1,4 MHR $</th>
The construction cost of the stadium “Wembley” in London
The cost of the Juno mission studying the atmosphere and structure of Jupiter
This space probe is designed to study magnetic and gravitational field of the planet (including determination of the presence or absence of Jupiter has a solid core).
<th>1.57 billion $</th>
<th>1.22 bln $</th>
The cost of construction of the Shanghai Maglev (magnetic levitation train)
The cost of the mission of Mars Rovers Spirit and opportunity (until 2007)
Two of the Rover were able to find a lot of evidence in the past on the Martian surface water (including find hematite, gypsum and traces of erosion on the rocks). To fix on the surface of Mars sand storms and to establish that the pH of ancient seas could be neutral. One of the Mars Rovers continues to work after 13 years.
<th>1.68 billion $</th>
<th>1.56 billion $</th>
The cost of building of a skyscraper “Burj Khalifa” in Dubai
The cost of the mission, “Voyager” service before 1990
Two “Voyager” managed to detect the first lightning, the volcano and the sea on the surface of a celestial body beyond Earth. To detect the first krivulka and Champions by weight, the strength of the magnetic field, velocity of winds and albedo in the Solar system. To detect a total of 24 new satellites have 4 gas giants, thus becoming perhaps the most successful automatic mission in the history of space exploration.
<th>2.76 billion $</th>
<th>2.5 bn $</th>
The cost of construction of the gambling-hotel complex “City of dreams” in Macau
The cost mission Rover “Curiosity” (at the moment)
This Rover has been able to establish the level of radiation on the Martian surface, to detect methane in the atmosphere and organic compounds in the soil. Despite a number of breakdowns, the Rover continues to operate after 5 years.
<th>2.75 billion $</th>
<th>3.9 billion $</th>
The cost of the bomber stealth B-2 “Spirit” with the service prior to 2004 (the entire program is worth 57.8 billion $)
The cost of the station and the probe “Cassini-Huygens” (studied the system of Saturn/Titan)
The Huygens probe managed to find some evidence of cryovolcanism on Titan, while Cassini station managed to work for nearly 20 years, discovering in the process the under-ice ocean on Enceladus, 3 the sea and the many lakes on Titan, 7 new satellites of Saturn and to investigate in detail most of the already known.
<th>About $7 billion</th>
The cost of the headquarters of Apple — “Apple Park”
The cost of construction of the orbital station “Mir”
This station has been able to make significant progress in the study of long missions in space (including to establish an absolute record of 437 days continuous stay in space) as well as in ensuring its long-term viability, which was later used in the construction and operation of the ISS. Some systems of the MIR station (such as a completely closed life support system on water and shower) — have no analogues so far.
The cost of construction of road and railway “Adler-Krasnaya Polyana”
The cost of infrared telescope “James Webb” (at the moment)
The output of this telescope into orbit should allow us to significantly advance the study of the early Universe, reaching points up to 400 thousand years (the physical limit of observations of early events).
<th>11,86 billion $</th>
The cost of the complex of skyscrapers “Abraj al-Bayt” in Mecca
The cost of the Hubble telescope (at the moment)
This telescope has made over 1 million observations and a countless number of pictures (of such quality and beauty that now many publications compete choosing then 25, then 50 of his best photographs). And provide 3 scientists working on the project the Nobel prize in 2011.
<th>17.5 billion $</th>
<th>17.7 billion $</th>
The cost of construction of an aircraft carrier “Gerald R. Ford”
The whole NASA budget for 2013
This year, NASA continued to prepare the world’s most powerful rocket and spacecraft for missions to an asteroid and Mars, to support orders of a few firms fighting for the price reduction of the output of goods into orbit (such as SpaceX), launched a satellite to the moon, continued to explore radiation belt and Mars with two Rovers, to support the work of the heap of scientific satellites. Conducted training courses to 112 thousand students, and one of the probes NASA has gone beyond the Solar system.
<th>About $50 billion</th>
<th>About $25 billion</th>
Sochi Olympics 2014
The planned budget for 2016-2025 Roscosmos year
In the goal to be achieved with the help of these funds include: creating a new ship and a rocket-carrier, services three spaceports, ISS and the many businesses, increasing the reliability of the rockets to 99%, increase in average longevity of spacecraft for several years, starting 46 of satellites (including 9 scientific), improved utilization of the ISS Russian segment and lower production costs.
<th>33.9 billion $</th>
<th>39.2 billion $</th>
The cost of the construction of a tunnel under the English channel
The NASA budget for 2016 and 2017
During this period, was launched OSIRIS-REx, and “Juno” came out to the orbit of Jupiter, NASA also continued to support all those projects which were in 2013.
<th>About 125 billion $</th>
<th>164 billion dollars</th>
The cost of a missile defense system “aegis” (at the moment)
The cost of building and servicing ISS until 2010
This is the most expensive scientific project in the World involves 14 countries. Among his achievements are countless biological, chemical and physical experiments, prolonged exposure of samples under conditions of weightlessness and open space, as well as providing cheap (and sometimes free) output cube-Sats for both commercial and scientific and educational organizations.
<th>805 billion $</th>
<th>795 billion $</th>
Funds allocated by the US government to support banks during the crisis of 2008
The entire budget of NASA for the first 40 years (1958-1998 years)
Among the accomplishments achieved with these funds include the first launches research stations to mercury, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, sending the first truly successful missions to Mars orbit and the surface (including the first working Rover). First manual docking in space and landing 12 men on the moon, creating a 6 “space Shuttle” and transportation on them is almost half of the people ever to go into space — perhaps this list is endless.
<th>1508 billion $</th>
<th>1126 billion dollars</th>
The cost of the program of the fighter-bomber F-35 (years 2006-2070)
The entire NASA budget for all time of its existence (1958-2017 years)
To the previous a virtually endless list added such missions as Cassini, the second and the third generation of Mars Rovers, “Mars Odyssey” and MRO, MAVEN, New horizons and Juno, Messenger — and this is not a complete list of the only research programs for the study of the Solar system (!) from NASA lately. But in addition to these funds in the space were 2/3 of all people who ever have been there, a lot of rockets and investigated our own planet.
Post scriptum: the cost of the entire real estate of Manhattan island (one of the 5 boroughs of new York city) is exceeded in 2013 to 3 trillion $. It’s more than the most optimistic estimates of how much all the States combined spent on space so far. The population of Manhattan is about 1.7 million people, and its area is less than 59 km2. Is a small piece of Land for people is more important than the whole Solar system or even the whole universe? I guess this is a rhetorical question…
If you have other examples or you found my mistake — ask in the comments.
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