By the end of 2016 in the labour market, the crisis continues. and incomes are still falling. This is stated in the monitoring of the Institute for social analysis and forecasting Ranhigs.
According to economists, Russia is the fourth consecutive year the percentage of employees who went on leave without pay were “easy” or worked part-time at the initiative of the employer. By the end of 2016, there were 10.7%, and in just four years the share of such employees increased by 1.4 p. p. At the same time the rate of employment grew over the year, and the retirement rate has declined. However, large and medium-sized enterprises continues to be the outflow of workers — it amounted to 1.4% of employed in this sector.
Thus, according to experts, the increased share of part-time employment is observed in the regions automotive industry (Samara, Kaluga, Nizhny Novgorod region), in the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, and also in the Tver region and the Chuvash Republic with significant employment in mechanical engineering.
As for real incomes, they continue to fall, and in 2016 the rate of decline was higher than a year earlier, according to the monitoring. According to Rosstat, revenues decreased by 5.9% in 2016, a year earlier, a decline of just 3.2%. The increase in revenues was observed in the Leningrad oblast, Crimea, Dagestan and Ingushetia, but most likely, it “can be attributed to the imperfection of statistical accounting”, according to the monitoring.
Earlier, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said that Russia coped with unemployment. “The situation in the labor market is stable. We unemployment did it,” Medvedev said at a Russian investment forum in Sochi. The head of government noted that the next five years for the labour market will not be easy, but the reason is the shortage of qualified personnel.
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